Difference between Front-End & Back-End web Developer

Difference between Front-End & Back-End web Developer


Difference between front-end and back-end web developers. In the process of developing a website usually divided into two parts pending, namely development on the back-end web developer and front-end web developer.

These two authorities have different roles in the website creation process. But both are working hand in hand with each other in order to produce a good website product. And be able to produce a memorable experience (UX) for the users.

Sometimes some people find it quite difficult to distinguish between these two roles, there is still much debate that addresses the limits of the two in what they do.

On this occasion digitalmib.com discussed a little about the difference between front-end and back-end developers, and hopefully can give you a little picture of these two roles.

To begin, maybe we can look at an infographic created by Quickensol IT Solution about the difference between front-end and back-end developers at this time.


Differences Front-End vs. Back-end Developer

Differences Front-End vs. Back-end Developer

Differences Front-End vs. Back-end Developer



Front end web developer

Front-end developers, or commonly known as developers on the client side (clien-side), are people who focus their work on the look of the website, feel and user experience (UX) on a website.

Front-end deals with website design and flow, even now a front-end developer can handle API processing and website speed or performance.

A skill needed by a front-end developer



HTML is a markup language that is the basis for making a website so that the website can be seen by users, all website pages on the internet are basically HTML.


CSS can be considered cosmetics from HTML itself, CSS that makes the website look attractive, because with CSS we can make a style or style for every tag in HTML.

It has the ability to create grid layouts, adjust typography, provide colors, even animations. Which can be due to the touch of CSS.


– Javascript is a programming language that can make a website more interactive, Javascript can sometimes be a front-end domain but it can also be a back-end.

The main function of JavaScript is to create interactions for websites, because of the ability of javascript, we can create dialog boxes, dropdown menus, animations, and so on.

Even today, javascript allows front-end developers to become more widely involved, such as the ability to set routers at the URL, this has become more widely used since more and more users of frameworks such as Vue, React and Angular.

Image editing

Front-end developers also need to master image editing software such as Photoshop, or applications for website design such as Sketch, and applications for collaboration with UIs such as Zeplin or MarvelApp or Figma.

Cross Browser

Skill to ensure the appearance of the website can look good and even similar in every browser that is currently becoming more value that needs to be owned by front-end developers, because current users can open websites from various devices and various screen sizes.


Search Engine Optimization is very closely related to the existing code on the website. So front-end developers also play an important role here to ensure the code created supports SEO Friendly. Such as writing code efficiently, trying to keep requests to the server to a minimum, and so on.


Front-end web Developer Duties

The task of the front-end developer certainly depends on the project being worked on, including its scale. But at least it is commonly done by front-end developers is as follows.


Develop all visual components on the website.

  • Using HTML, CSS and Javascript in carrying out their main tasks. So make website designs designed by UI designers come alive.
  • Modify and maintain the appearance of the interface of a website.
  • The more modern front-end developers also process the API data provided to them and even manage the state to the routing of a website.
  • Front-end developers also play a role in the speed of a website by implementing task runners to module bundlers such as Gulp, Grunt and Webpack.


Back-end web developer

These web developers are commonly known as people who specialize in developing the website on the server side. Back-end focus on functionality. They also usually become architects of the technology used on a platform.

Development on this side can involve three important parts, namely servers, applications and databases.

Back-end developers are responsible for sending and receiving information displayed on the front.

Skills needed to become a back-end developer


Java, PHP, Ruby, GoLang, Python, NodeJS & Javascript – Server-side programming languages ​​(except javascript) must at least be mastered by a back-end developer, not necessarily all, just a few, or even just one of them.

Database – A back-end developer deals with business logic. And one of the tasks of a back-end is to provide a data supply for front-end developers. So mastery of the database is very important for a back-end developer.

Code Versioning – Controlling the version of the code created is one of the skills that must be owned by the back-end developer. At this time when an error occurs during development.

Security – A back-end developer certainly has to think about the security of the application that he made.

Back-end web developer tasks

The task of a back-end developer can also depend on the scale of the work and the number of teams. But in general a developer will usually be responsible for the following things:

  • Writing code on the server side (server-side)
  • Focus on the functionality and compatibility of the website
  • Acting as an architect who designs website systems and technologies
  • Building a back-end system
  • Make API functionality
  • Monitors status from server
  • Additional skills for front-end & back-end developers


Front-end developers need to be more creative and have extraordinary visualization skills. They also need to learn user experience (UX) in order to produce a charming and interactive interface.

Meanwhile, back-end developers must have strong analytical and logical skills. In addition, they must also have the ability to solve problems. And think critically in order to become a reliable and quality back-end developer.


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